William Shakespeare’s Twelfth Night – 6 Feste quotes to understand the play
There’s plenty of wisdom to be found in the words of Twelfth Night’s professional fool, as Helen Mears’ selection of significant lines shows…
- by Helen Mears
Who is he?
Feste is Olivia’s professional fool. He epitomises Shakespeare’s later ‘philosopher-fools’ and was written to be played by Robert Armin, the skilled comic actor who replaced the improvisor and jig specialist Will Kemp in the acting troupe. Feste has an almost omniscient role in the play, revealing the foolishness of those around him. He can be seen to represent the spirit of Twelfth Night festivities, when the social order was turned upside down through traditions such as the Feast of Fools and the election of a Lord of Misrule.
“Better a witty fool than a foolish wit.”
(Act 1, Scene 5)
This is Feste’s most famous quote and one that summarises his position within the play perfectly. He may not have the social status of the other characters, but he is witty and self-aware, and he sees their follies. Only Viola is able to match him intellectually.
“cucullus non facitmonachum; that’s as much to say, as I wear not motley in my brain.”
(Act 1, Scene 5)
The Latin phrase translates as ‘the cowl makes not a monk’. This is an Early Modern equivalent to the phrase ‘don’t judge a book by its cover’. Feste is saying that just because he is employed as a fool it does not mean that he is stupid. He may wear the motley of a jester but he is worldly-wise.
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“The more fool, madonna, to mourn for your brother’s soul being in heaven.”
(Act 1, Scene 5)
This is an example of Feste’s awareness. He sees the foolishness of Olivia stubborn mourning for her brother when, it can be argued, he is in a better place. His role as a fool allows him to say to her what other characters cannot, because he exists outside of social boundaries.
“Youth’s a stuff will not endure.”
(Act 2, Scene 3)
Although Feste’s dialogue is peppered throughout with wit, there is a melancholy tone to much of it. His songs repeatedly refer to winter, ageing and death. This may reflect his role as an outsider; although the denouement of the play has an impact on every other character, he is untouched by it. His life will not change.
“The tailor made thy doublet of changeable taffeta, for thy mind is a very opal”
(Act 2, Scene 4)
This is another example of Feste being able to tell a high-status character a truth that others are afraid to say. He sees Orsino as fickle and changeable and perceives that, like a typical courtly lover, he is in love with an unobtainable beloved. Much like Romeo, he is in love with the idea of being in love.
“Foolery, sir, does walk about the orb like the sun, it shines everywhere”
(Act 3, Scene 1)
Again we see Feste’s omniscient awareness. He knows that although he is the one that carries the title of Fool, there are any more foolish characters than him populating the play. The audience may relate to this as we see the behaviour of the other characters and see how easily there are fooled by tricks and disguises. Feste serves as our representative in the play.
Helen Mears is an English teacher who sits on the education committee of the British Shakespeare Association. Follow her on Twitter at @shakesmears. Browse our Shakespeare Week resources. Browse Romeo and Juliet KS3 and KS4 resources.