Volcanoes KS2 – Volcano & earthquake science experiments

What's included?

Nine earthquake and volcano experiment ideas, plus a 'Make your own volcano' template

Key Stage



Years 3-6


The earth is an exciting, explosive place, so find out a bit more about how earthquakes and volcanoes work with this fun volcanoes KS2 science experiments resource.

The booklet contains nine earthquakes and volcanoes KS2 experiments. It also includes a ‘Make your own Volcano’ template to cut out and colour in.

Volcano experiments

Bubble Escape and Drag Race – Viscosity and Violent Volcanoes

Use 3 fluids of different viscosity (thickness) to see what differences runny or thick magma can cause in volcanoes

Vinegar Volcano – Escaping Gas and Eruptions

Start a chemical reaction that creates a gas, and see how the gas escaping drives an eruption

Coke Volcano – Dissolved Gas in Magma

Use coke to represent magma under a volcano and see what happens when all the dissolved gas is released

Exploding Canister – Trapped Gas and Explosive Eruptions

Trap more and more gas in a sealed container, in the same way gas can get trapped in a volcano, and see what happens

Eruption in a Fish Tank – Rising Eruptive Plumes

Create your own eruptive column in a fishtank and find out what it is that makes it rise

Wonderfully Waxy Volcano in a Cup – Igneous Intrusions.

See what happens when melted wax moves through layers of sand and water, just like magma moves though layers of rock to reach the earth’s surface

Earthquake experiments

Shaky Structures – Earthquake Resistant Buildings

Make some earthquake-proof buildings of your own, using cocktail sticks and marshmallows

Slinky Waves – Earthquake Body Waves

Make your own P and S earthquake waves by using a slinky

Earthquake Race – Earthquake Wave Speeds

Line up in teams and see which wave type reaches the front first

Find out more about the University of Cambridge Department of Earth Science on its website at

Volcanoes KS2 resource
Volcanoes KS2 – Volcano & earthquake science experiments

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