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Subordinating conjunctions KS1 and KS2 – 6 of the best worksheets and resources for SPaG/English

If you're teaching subordinating conjunctions, wherever you're teaching from, as long as you want your students to grasp this grammatical concept, try these worksheets, lesson and more for primary schools...

  • Subordinating conjunctions KS1 and KS2 – 6 of the best worksheets and resources for SPaG/English

What is a subordinating conjunction?

A subordinating conjunction introduces a subordinating clause, and joins it to the main clause in a sentence.

Subordinating conjunction examples

  • Gina has been thrilled ever since Jenny arrived.
  • The dog is barking because he wants to go for a walk.
  • We need to clean up so that the classroom is tidy for tomorrow morning.
  • I like living here even though the neighbours can sometimes be noisy.

Subordinating conjunctions list KS2

  • After
  • Although
  • As
  • As if
  • As long as
  • Because
  • Before
  • Even though
  • If
  • If only
  • Now
  • Now that
  • Once
  • Rather than
  • Since
  • So that
  • Than
  • That
  • Though
  • Till
  • Unless
  • Until
  • When
  • Where
  • Whether
  • Which
  • While

National Curriculum English programme of study links

Use subordinating conjunctions (eg when) to introduce a subordinate clause

1 | Year 2 subordinating conjunctions challenge worksheet

For KS1 try this SPaG challenge mat to test children’s subordinating conjunctions skills.

It’s split into five sections – Understand, Challenge, Test, Challenge, Apply – and each activity includes SATs-style questions and opportunities for creative writing responses.

Get this resource here.


2 | Year 3 subordinating conjunctions resources

For lower-KS2 there is a selection of resources to use that are all bright and appealing.

The classroom display pack (pictured above) features a set of six posters illustrating a range of subordinating conjunctions, using eye-catching images surrounded by example sentences. Plus, you get blank versions of the posters so children can add their own text suggestions.

Then there’s this subordinating conjunctions resource pack that includes a PowerPoint, a challenge sheet, an extension sheet, conjunction cards, a writing plan and teacher’s notes.

And there’s also a Year 3 subordinating clauses challenge worksheet in the same style as the Year 2 worksheets shown previously.

Check out all these conjunctions resources here.


3 | Subordinating and coordinating conjunctions worksheets

If you’re teaching subordinating and coordinating conjunctions together, this KS2 grammar resource provides model sentences for over 50 different conjunctions, including FANBOYS (‘For’, ‘And’, ‘Nor’, ‘But’, ‘Or’, ‘Yet’, ‘So’)

It’s perfect for display and table activities in Year 3 and 4, as well as revision in Year 5 and 6

Get it here.


4 | A White Bus mnemonic

OK, a warning, before you hit play, just know that this song is set to the tune of ‘We Like to Party! (The Vengabus)’ by The Vengaboys. And as far as earworms go, this slice of Europop digs deep. It may be in your head for days.

But, there is a reason for its use here. One, it’s memorable, but two, it also helps children to recall some key subordinating conjunctions using the mnemonic ‘A White Bus’ (also commonly extended to ‘On a White Bus’):

  • Once, Only if
  • Now that
  • After, although, as, as long as, as though
  • When, whenever, where, whether, which, while
  • How, however
  • If, in case
  • Than, that, therefore, though
  • Even if, even though
  • Because, before
  • Unless, until
  • Since, so that

Everybody now: “The Vengabus is coming…”


5 | Subordinating vs coordinating conjunctions

This worksheet asks students to pick out which conjunctions are subordinating and which are coordinating. An answer sheet is included.

Download this PDF here.


6 | Year 6 conjunctions story starters

This teaching sequence has been designed to help children revisit and recall conjunctions in Y6.

The session provides a motivating and memorable image to stimulate discussion, and children have time to practise using conjunctions, before undertaking a short writing task to apply what they have learnt in the context of creative writing.

Find it here.

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