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Main clause – 9 of the best KS2 SPaG worksheets and resources

Help children get a firm footing in grammar with the foundation of every sentence, the main clause, by using these ideas, activities and more for primary English...

  • Main clause – 9 of the best KS2 SPaG worksheets and resources

What is a main clause?

A main clause (also known as an independent clause) is one that can stand alone as a sentence in its own right. It must contain a subject and a verb.

Subordinate clause definition

A subordinate clause, on the other hand, is one that cannot stand its own, and must be attached to a main clause to form a grammatically correct sentence.

Main clause examples

  • This food tastes bad.
  • The sun is shining.
  • The girl was reading her book.
  • My cat is asleep by the window.

1 | What are clauses (with examples)?

What are clauses? This article from Grammar Monster explains it in simple terms with real-life examples before discussing independent and dependent clauses; showing how noun clauses, adjective clauses and adverbial clauses work in sentences; and talking about how to use them in sentences.

It’s a great place to start, and to refer back to.

Check it out here.


2 | Main clause and subordinate clause

This page from The School Run has a neat summary of clauses and how they work together, with clear illustrations to emphasise examples.

Read it here.


3 | Clauses sentence-maker cards

This hands-on resource is a great way for children to revise and practise using clauses.

Sentence fragments (blue and green cards) can be fitted together, then relative clauses (yellow cards) added – with some of the resulting complex sentences being funnier than others!

Download and print here.


4 | Conjunctions sentence maker game

On a similar note, this KS2 grammar game helps children learn how to use conjunctions – including the FANBOYS coordinating conjunctions, and a list of subordinating conjunctions.

The pack contains 24 sentences that can be arranged in different combinations as a fun way to explore connective clauses in writing. Using the resource, children can assemble simple sentences, or sentences which include a relative clause.

Find it here.


5 | Main and subordinate clauses worksheet

This worksheet is divided into four sections, with 16 questions in total.

The first asks students to say whether the underlined part is a clause or a phrase. In the second they need to write out the sentence, underline the main clause and put brackets around the subordinate clause.

In the third and fourth sections they need to add a subordinate and a main clause respectively to the sentences provided.

Find this one here.

6 | Clauses and sentences

This PowerPoint file runs through the what clauses are compared to sentences. It asks children to spot the main clauses in sentences, and make sentences more interesting by adding their own clauses.

Click here to download.


7 | Adding subordinate clauses worksheet

This homework sheet features 11 sentences for children to add subordinate clauses to.

Download this resource here.


8 | Clauses question sheet

This 20-page PDF has a whopping 41 questions on clauses for children to do at home or in school.

Print it resource here.


9 | Year 5 clauses worksheets and answers

This resource is a 6-page sample of Keen Kite’s Ready, Steady, Practise! – Year 5 Grammar and Punctuation series from Collins.

Pages 1 to 3 feature sample questions and answers taken from Ready, Steady, Practise! – Year 5 Grammar and Punctuation Pupil Book: English KS2, while pages 4 to 6 feature guidance, questions and answers taken from Ready, Steady, Practise! – Year 5 Grammar and Punctuation Teacher Resources: English KS2.

Get these worksheets here.


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