The ability to concentrate and pay attention is important for future learning, so it’s vital we help children learn it early on
Young children can find it difficult to focus on a single activity without getting distracted. Whether they’re listening to a story, building towers or helping tidy up, you might find them losing concentration after only a few minutes.
Of course, children find some activities easier to focus on than others: anything they find fascinating works well, as does anything on a TV, phone or tablet screen! The ability to concentrate and pay attention is important for future learning, so it’s vital we help children learn it early on. In a busy world, full of calls on our attention, learning to calm themselves is also important for their social and emotional development.
At your setting you start each session with a story, but about halfway through some of the children start to fidget and wriggle. Sometimes some will get up, wander off and start playing elsewhere before you have finished. You’d like to encourage them to maintain their focus and listen to the end, but you don’t want to make story time feel like a chore…
Like all skills, concentration is something we can develop over time. Any improvement will be gradual, and depend on levels of motivation, especially in young children. Some find it much more difficult than others not to get distracted, and this can be a sign of a special educational need such as ADHD. The more engaged we are with an activity, and the more fully we understand why it might be useful for us to concentrate on it, the more likely we are to maintain our attention.
Whenever you come across a problematic behaviour, it’s useful to first analyse why it’s happening. In this scenario it might be that the children need to develop their focus, but it could also be that the practitioner has chosen the wrong time of day for the story. Small children need lots of physical activity, and their impulse to be up and playing is completely normal for healthy development.
Make sure you explain to the children why it’s important to stay still and quiet during story time – encourage them to think about how their peers feel if they disrupt the activity.
There are lots of games and activities you can use to help the children learn how to focus better, and for longer. Anything that asks children to home in on their own thinking and behaviour, and to still their minds or bodies, works well. Party games like musical statues are great for increasing focus. Sleeping lions is a classroom classic for practising staying still and being calm.
Sue Cowley is an educational author and helps to run an ‘outstanding’ preschool.